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RESOLUTION 364 on NATO-RUSSIA RELATIONS

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presented by the Political Committee

The Assembly,

1.      Commending on the occasion of the 5th anniversary of the Rome Declaration and the 10th anniversary of the NATO-Russia Founding Act the progress achieved in the broadening and deepening of the strategic NATO-Russia partnership and the achievements in political dialogue and practical co-operation in the NATO-Russia Council;

2.      Convinced that close NATO-Russia relations remain absolutely essential for the security and stability of the Euro-Atlantic region and beyond;

3.      Appreciating the wide-ranging co-operation in a number of areas, particularly in the military‑to-military sphere, and the collaboration in defence reform, countering terrorism and proliferation of WMD, and responding to natural and other disasters;

4.      Stressing that the Allies and Russia share a host of security concerns, including the threat posed by terrorist groups, the continuing instability of Afghanistan, the proliferation of WMD, and Iran’s nuclear and missile programmes;

5.     Recalling that the continuation of Euro-Atlantic integration and enlargement goes hand in hand with the promotion of good neighbourly relations among partner countries;

6.      Convinced that a number of unresolved territorial questions – particularly in the South Caucasus and Moldova and the final status of Kosovo – as well as instability in the North Caucasus continue to threaten European stability and, stressing that Russia has special responsibilities to promote peaceful resolution of these disputes;

7.      Noting that the measures taken by the Russian government have weakened its civil society, restricted public liberties and hampered the free media, which has had a negative impact on the NATO‑Russia relationship; 

8.      Concerned about Russia ’s policy towards some of its neighbour countries and convinced that the establishment of good relations between Russia and its neighbouring countries is essential for regional and European security and stability;

9.     Convinced that the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) and the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty remain cornerstones of Euro-Atlantic security and regretting that Russia has announced a moratorium of the CFE Treaty and is considering breaking out of the 1987 INF Treaty;

10.     URGES the government and the parliament of Russia :

a.      to ratify the Energy Charter Treaty and to ensure that energy will not be used as a means to put pressure on neighbouring countries;

b.     to do their utmost to help support the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Georgia and to co‑operate closely with Georgia in order to resolve peacefully the conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia in accordance with Russia’s obligations under the United Nations Charter and its special responsibilities in the respective negotiating frameworks;

c.     to implement fully the remaining Istanbul Commitments;

d.     to preserve the CFE and INF Treaties;

e.     to collaborate closely on finding a solution on the final status of Kosovo and to recognise that the future international presence in Kosovo will need a strong legal basis;

f.      to co-operate as closely as possible to convince Iran to comply with the demands of the UN Security Council;

g.      to ensure that the upcoming parliamentary and presidential elections in Russia are conducted according to the standards of the Organisation for Security and Co‑operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe; 

11.     URGES member governments and parliaments of the North Atlantic Alliance: 

a.     to further strengthen co-operation with Russia on stabilising Afghanistan;

b.      to maximise co-operation wherever possible;  

c.      to encourage the development of positive and constructive relations between Russia and its neighbouring countries;

d.     to strengthen NATO-Russia interoperability and consider possible joint peacekeeping operations;

e.     to consider the possibility of expanding current NATO and Russia joint efforts in the field of Theatre Missile Defence which could become the basis for a more integrated and comprehensive approach to missile defence architecture for Europe;

f.      to further improve consultations with Russia on how to deal with internationally active terrorist groups;

12.   CALLS upon the governments of the United States and Russia :

to strengthen dialogue on the planned deployment of elements of the US ballistic missile defence system in Poland and the Czech Republic, which takes into account the indivisibility of Euro-Atlantic security.

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