NATO Parliamentary Assembly
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RESOLUTION 366 on MISSILE DEFENCE

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presented by the Science and Technology Committee

The Assembly,

1.       Emphasising that protection of its people and territory remains the paramount objective of the North Atlantic Alliance;

2.       Concerned that, despite multinational efforts such as the Missile Technology Control Regime and the International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation, the number of countries as well as non-state actors with ballistic missile capability has increased;

3.       Convinced that diplomacy and non-proliferation measures remain the principal means to reduce the global threat posed by weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery;

4.       Believing, nonetheless, that deployment of limited and reliable missile defence systems designed to protect both the territory of the Alliance and NATO troops would contribute to strengthening transatlantic security;

5.       Satisfied that existing missile defence programmes, including the Ground-based Midcourse Defence (GMD) Programme of the United States, would not distort the strategic balance in Europe and between the United States and the Russian Federation;

6.       Acknowledging, nevertheless, that the United States proposal to field elements of its GMD system in Poland and the Czech Republic has caused needless tension with the Russian Federation and has raised other concerns such as unequal coverage of the Alliance territory and the potential to spur a new arms race;

7.       Recognising the sovereign right of the Allies to pursue bilateral defence co-operation projects designed to increase their security;

8.       But also realising that the proposed United States missile defence plan may have ramifications for the security of the whole Alliance and of the whole Euro-Atlantic region; and,

9.       Aware that territories of our South-Eastern European Allies would not be covered by the proposed anti-missile system;

10.     Convinced, therefore, that NATO and its member countries should be involved in shaping the Europe-wide missile defence system;

11.     Disturbed by the threats from high-ranking Russian officials that the Russian Federation, in response to the United States missile defence plan, could withdraw from several international arms control agreements, including the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) and the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty;

12.   URGES member governments and parliaments of the North Atlantic Alliance:

a.       to continue supporting studies to assess the feasibility and reliability of various missile defence systems and their possible alternatives;

b.       to strengthen co-operation and information exchanges with the Russian Federation in the field of missile defence, applying the principles of transparency and good faith;

c.       to carry out a detailed feasibility study, by the Bucharest Summit in 2008, on building a future European ballistic missile defence architecture integrating existing and future missile defence systems in a manner which would guarantee the indivisibility of security of the Alliance;

d.       to consider the possible role of NATO in the command and control system of this architecture, possibly by applying a “dual-hatted” approach;

e.       to make an accurate assessment of the technical and financial conditions for a possible expansion of NATO’s Active Layered Theatre Ballistic Missile Defence capability to provide equivalent coverage for the population centres of those South‑East European Allies that could not be protected by the proposed American system;

f.        to dismiss explicitlythe possibility of deploying missile interceptor systems in space;

g.      to strengthen further multinational non-proliferation regimes, particularly the Missile Technology Control Regime;

h.      to redouble efforts to explain the purpose and characteristics of missile defence systems to the public, particularly to those living in the vicinity of possible missile defence sites;

i.         to study thoroughly the possible consequences of employing the missile defence system for the environment and take them into account in the decision-making process;

13.    CALLS UPON the Russian Government to broaden and deepen co-operation on missile defence in the framework of the NATO-Russia Council.

 

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