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RESOLUTION 367 on REINFORCING THE GLOBAL RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE

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presented by the Science and Technology Committee

The Assembly,

1.       Taking the view that recent scientific studies, particularly the Fourth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, provide undisputable evidence that the climate change challenge is real and that it has been caused, to a large extent, by anthropogenic factors;

2.       Fearing that, if no urgent global actions are undertaken, climate change will adversely and dramatically affect the world’s environment, economy and even the health and lives of the people;

3.       Recognising that the effects of climate change will also have geopolitical ramifications and may generate instability and conflicts in regions that are the most affected;

4.       Acknowledging the crucial importance of immediate action in mitigating the effects of climate change;

5.       Convinced that it is economically prudent to invest in mitigation activities in order to avoid the much higher costs of coping with the consequences of inaction;

6.       Welcoming the expressed determination of the leaders of G8 and Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation countries and the European Union to significantly reduce consumption of hydrocarbons by their economies;

7.       Also welcoming bilateral, regional and multilateral arrangements as well as initiatives of sub-state entities and industry designed to promote low-carbon technologies;

8.       Convinced, nevertheless, that a universal concerted approach within the framework of the United Nations should remain a priority;

9.       Praising the importance of the Kyoto Protocol but aware of its deficiencies and regarding it as the first step towards a more comprehensive, inclusive and robust framework of foundations which should be laid within the coming year;

10.      Inspired by the success of the 1987 Montreal Protocol, signed by virtually all countries in the world, in protecting the Earth’s ozone layer;

11.     Convinced that the UNFCCC Conference in Bali, to be held in December 2007, should become the turning point in the coming years of fighting climate change;

12.     URGES member governments and parliaments of the North Atlantic Alliance to support negotiations of a post-Kyoto arrangement which would include the following elements:

a.        universality: the participation of the United States and Australia is of critical importance;

b.        global responsibility: while the industrialised world needs to remain responsible for the bulk of mitigation activities, the new arrangement will not be effective unless the developing countries also assume some emission reduction obligations;

c.        greater scope: the next-phase emission reduction targets have to be more ambitious;

d.        balance: there is a need for a right equilibrium among “flexible mechanisms” - industrialised nations have to achieve greater progress in reducing emissions domestically, instead of extensively relying on acquiring credits through Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation;

e.        focus on adaptation: adaptation efforts merit more attention, new initiatives are needed to accumulate additional funds to help the communities that are already at risk;

f.         inclusion: new sectors, such as aviation, that are responsible for a considerable share of greenhouse gas emissions, need to be included into the new framework;

g.        cessation and reversal of deforestation: such efforts, especially in the areas of tropical rainforest, must be promoted;

h.        ‘green’ technologies: further investments – particularly in renewables and Carbon Capture and Storage  – should be encouraged;

i.         economy: a more effective use of available resources should be at the heart of existing energy policies.

 

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