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HomeDOCUMENTSARCHIVE: Russia and Ukraine2002 - 2003CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS: NATO-Russia Permanent Joint Council (through 2002)

CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS: NATO-Russia Permanent Joint Council (through 2002)

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The Founding Act on Mutual Relations, Co-operation and Security between NATO and the Russian Federation was signed in Paris on 27 May 1997 and called for the creation of the NATO-Russia Permanent Joint Council. The PJC holds regular monthly meetings at NATO headquarters at the level of ambassadors and also meets twice a year at the level of foreign and defence ministers.

MEETINGS OF THE PERMANENT JOINT COUNCIL

1
18 July 1997
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Adopted rules of procedure for the Permanent Joint Council.

2
11 Sept. 1997,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Agreed on a work programme for the PJC until the end of the year.
3
26 Sept. 1997,
New York,
MINISTERIAL LEVEL
Approved a work programme for 1997, outlining a number of issues for consultations: civil emergency planning, projects in the scientific and environmental fields and the retraining of retired military personnel.

4
24 October 1997,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Exchanged views on measures to promote co-operation, transparency and confidence between NATO and Russia; on the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, including NATO-Russia co-operation in SFOR. Set up a political-military working group of experts on peacekeeping. Agreed that meetings of experts will be held to update the Russian IPP under PfP as soon as possible, to prepare consultations on nuclear weapons issues, and to determine the potential scope for armaments related co-operation.

5
24 November 1997,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Discussed political and defence efforts against the proliferation of nuclear, chemical or biological weapons and their methods of delivery. Welcomed Russia's decision to ratify the Chemical Weapons Convention and agreed to continue to discuss proliferation issues next year. Focused on ongoing work with regard to civil emergency planning, and the progress of updating Russia's IPP.

6
3rd December 1997
Level of Defence Ministers
Agreed to draw on practical experience gained from Bosnia in pursuing their commitment to consultation and co-operation in the field of crisis management and conflict prevention. Discussed the prospective directions of co-operation between the military structures of NATO and Russia aimed at strengthening peace and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region, and exchanged views on measures which could be taken to promote transparency and confidence between NATO and Russia.


7
12 December 1997
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL

Discussed the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Agreed that NATO member states and Russia would continue to work together in Vienna with the other States Parties to enhance the CFE2 Treaty's viability and effectiveness.

8
17 December 1997
Ministerial Level

Approved a Work Programme for 1998, which outlines measures to promote: co?operation, transparency and confidence; strategy, defence policy and military doctrines of NATO and Russia; budgets and infrastructure development programmes; disarmament and arms control, and peacekeeping.

The Work Programme also includes practical co-operation activities such as Russia's participation in the PfP, co-operation in the scientific and environmental fields, civil emergency planning, the retraining of retired military personnel and aspects of defence conversion.

9
21 January 1998
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Exchanged views on the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and NATO-Russia co-operation in SFOR. Building upon a joint NATO-Russia workshop on the retraining of retired military officers held early December 1997 in Moscow, Ambassadors discussed further activities in this area, which is part of the PJC Work Programme for 1998.

10
25 February 1998,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Reviewed the progress on updating Russia's IPP. Exchanged views on combating international terrorism and agreed to continue exploring this subject.

11
25 March 1998,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Exchanged views on the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina; NATO-Russia co?operation in SFOR; and the meeting of military representatives under the auspices of the PJC on 19 March. Welcomed the progress of ongoing work in the political/military experts' working group on peacekeeping. Reviewed their political and defence efforts against the proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and their delivery means.

12
29 April 1998,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Focused on the continuation of NATO-Russia co-operation in SFOR.
Exchanged views and information on nuclear weapons issues.

13
20 May 1998,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Exchanged views on Bosnia and Herzegovina, on strategy, defence policy, the military doctrines of NATO and Russia, and budgets and infrastructure development programmes.

14
28 May 1998
Ministerial Level
Luxembourg

Ministers reviewed the situation in and around Bosnia and Herzegovina. Welcomed the establishment of Russia's Mission to NATO and the appointment of the Senior Russian Military Representative in its framework.

Welcomed the opening of the NATO Documentation Centre for European Security Issues in Moscow, in February 1998. Supported further co-operation regarding the retraining of retired military servicemen.

Highlighted the increased military co-operation between NATO and Russia, including the participation by Russian units in the exercise Co-operative Jaguar, which took place in Denmark.

Welcomed the beginning of negotiations on the establishment of reciprocal Military Liaison Missions, as provided for by the NATO-Russia Founding Act. Agreed on a continuation of the discussion in the PJC on arms control and disarmament issues, including CFE and Open Skies.

In the framework of the PJC Ministerial meeting, NATO Secretary General Solana and the Deputy Minister of Science and Technology of the Russian Federation, Nichkov, signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Scientific Co-operation between NATO and Russia. The MOU will strengthen co-operation in an area of significant benefit for both sides. Ministers issued a statement condemning the nuclear tests conducted by India and Pakistan.


15
12 June 1998,
Level of Defence Ministers, Brussels
Discussed the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, including SFOR operations and the international community's response to the crisis in Kosovo. Ministers agreed to continue NATO-Russia co-operation in SFOR.
Condemned Belgrade's massive and disproportionate use of force as well as violent attacks by Kosovar Albanian extremists. They reaffirmed their determination to contribute to international efforts to resolve the crisis and promote regional stability.

Ministers were also briefed on the status of the reform of the armed forces in the Russian Federation and on developments of the Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF) concept.

Welcomed the beginning of negotiations on the establishment of reciprocal military liaison missions, as provided for by the NATO-Russia Founding Act, and confirmed the aim of establishing a NATO military liaison mission in Moscow by the end of the year.

16
18 June 1998
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
(extraordinary meeting)
Exchanged views on the situation in Kosovo and on the international community's response to the crisis in the light of the meeting held by the President of the Russian Federation and the President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in Moscow on 16 June 1998.

17
24 June 1998
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Exchanged views on Bosnia and Herzegovina, on defence-related economic issues, including defence conversion and retraining of retired military officers.

With regard to Kosovo, discussion centred on the international community's response to the crisis and the ongoing intense diplomatic efforts to find a peaceful solution.

18
22 July 1998
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Exchanged information on Bosnia and Herzegovina and on Kosovo.
Reviewed progress on information policy toward Russia and discussed the way ahead in this area.

19
30 September 1998,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL

Ambassadors exchanged information and views on the situation in and around Bosnia and Herzegovina. They focused on the continuation of NATO-Russia co?operation in SFOR within the framework of the multinational force in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

NATO and Russia expressed their satisfaction that the elections in Bosnia and Herzegovina took place in a peaceful atmosphere. Ambassadors expressed their hopes that the elected leaders of Bosnia will fully respect the Dayton Peace Agreement.

With regard to Kosovo, the discussion focused on the international community's response to the crisis and the ongoing intense diplomatic efforts - pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1199 - to find a peaceful solution. NATO and Russia reiterated deep concern about the humanitarian situation in Kosovo and discussed possible measures in this respect.

Ambassadors also exchanged views on the situation in Albania and ways to contribute to stability in the region.


20
9 October 1998,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
(extraordinary meeting)
Ambassadors exchanged information and views on the situation in Kosovo.
NATO and Russia expressed their full support for the ongoing diplomatic efforts aimed at securing a political solution to the crisis, noting the urgency of the present situation. They reiterated their deep concern about the serious humanitarian crisis in Kosovo and stressed the need to see immediate, full and irreversible compliance with UN Security Council Resolutions 1160 and 1199.

21
13 October 1998,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL

Discussed the situation in Kosovo. The NATO side informed about its decision to issue an Activation Order (ACTORD) for the limited air response and the phased air operation. Russia reiterated its firm commitment to pursue a political settlement.

22

30 November 1998,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL

Ambassadors exchanged information on Bosnia and Herzegovina, NATO-Russia co-operation in SFOR, and the crisis in Kosovo.

Ambassadors expressed their concern about breaches of the cease-fire and stressed the need to see immediate and full compliance with the UN Security Council Resolutions to this end by all parties to the conflict.

Ambassadors exchanged views and information on political and defence efforts against proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and their delivery means.

They also discussed enhanced regional air traffic safety and increased air traffic capacity issues.

23
9 December 1998,
MINISTERIAL LEVEL
Brussels
Ministers reviewed the implementation of the 1998 PJC Work Programme.
They welcomed the inaugural meeting of the NATO-Russia Joint Scientific and Technological Co-operation Committee held on 19 November 1998 in Moscow, and reviewed the ongoing work at experts’ level in the field of peacekeeping.

They emphasised progress made in exploring possible armaments-related co?operation and welcomed the recent agreement on the creation of a joint NATO?Russia Information and Consultation Centre in Moscow on Retraining of Discharged Military Personnel.

Ministers discussed the ongoing negotiations on an adaptation of the Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE).
They agreed a detailed Work Programme for the NATO-Russia PJC for 1999.
Ministers reviewed the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, NATO-Russia military co-operation in SFOR and the situation in Kosovo.

Ministers were pleased with progress of military co-operation between NATO and Russia, including the participation by Russian units in the exercise Co-operative Assembly, which took place in Albania in August. They welcomed progress made in the negotiations on the establishment of NATO Military Liaison Mission in Moscow and noted with satisfaction the successful port visit by NATO's Standing Naval Force (Atlantic) to St. Petersburg.

24
14 December 1998,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL

Exchanged information on Bosnia and Herzegovina and on peacekeeping issues. They welcomed the Report by the Political-Military Experts' Working Group on Peacekeeping.

25
20 January 1999,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Condemned the recent cycle of violence in Kosovo and called for a full investigation by the FRY authorities with the participation of the International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia to ensure that those responsible are brought to justice. NATO and Russia underscored that all parties to the conflict should immediately cease all acts of violence and open the path for a negotiated settlement. NATO and Russia continued the exchange of information and consultations on infrastructure-related issues initiated in the PJC on 20 May and 21 October 1998, with a briefing provided by the Russian Federation.

26
17 February 1999,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Kosovo. They expressed their full support for the ongoing peace talks at Rambouillet.
They also exchanged views on defence policy, the military doctrines of NATO and Russia, and budgets and infrastructure development programmes.

27
17 March 1999,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors received a briefing on the meeting of the Chiefs of Staff under the auspices of the PJC held in March 1999, and continued consultations on the crisis in Kosovo.



The next meeting of the PJC, which was scheduled for 15 April 1999 never took place. Russia suspended its co-operation with NATO after the North Atlantic Council decided on 23 March 1999 to authorise NATO air strikes against strategic targets in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia with an aim to ending the repression of Kosovar Albanians by the Yugoslav government.

28
23 July 1999,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
The first meeting of the Ambassadors since Russia suspended relations with NATO in March. Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Vladimir Rakhmanin told Associated Press in Moscow that the meeting would not mark a formal resumption of full relations with NATO. He stressed that "we have resumed our contacts with NATO [only] in one clearly defined sphere: interaction within the framework of [KFOR]." Russia sent 3,615 peacekeeping troops to Kosovo.

29
15 September 1999,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the situation in Kosovo and NATO-Russia co-operation in KFOR. NATO and Russia also stressed the importance of the September 19 deadline regarding the UCK demilitarisation and agreed that the international community should keep this process under close scrutiny and ensure its proper completion.

30
27 October 1999,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the situation in Kosovo and NATO-Russia co-operation in KFOR. Both sides noted that KFOR will attach high priority to monitoring cross-border movements into Kosovo.

31
17 November 1999,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the situation in Kosovo and NATO-Russia co-operation within KFOR.

32
19 January
2000,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors exchanged views on the situation in Kosovo and NATO-Russia co?operation within KFOR.


16 February, 2000
NATO Secretary General Lord George Robertson went to Moscow to meet with the Russian President Vladimir Putin, Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov, and Defence Minister Igor Sergeyev. The meetings resulted in the decision to intensify NATO-Russia dialogue in the PJC by discussing a wide range of security issues and not only issues related to co-operation in KFOR.

33
15 March 2000,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL


Ambassadors discussed NATO-Russia co-operation in KFOR, NATO Strategic Concept, Russia's new National Security Concept and arms control, including CFE, non-proliferation of WMD and the preparation of the NPT Review Conference scheduled to start on 24 April.

34
12 April 2000, AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed: the situation in the former Yugoslavia; co-operation in KFOR; NATO's 1999 Strategic Concept and Russia's National Security Concept; arms control issues, including non-proliferation of WMD in the context of the preparation of the NPT Review Conference scheduled to start on 24 April, CFE as well as others.

35
17 May 2000
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed: the situation in the former Yugoslavia; co-operation in KFOR; NATO's 1999 Strategic Concept, Russia's National Security Concept; issues related to military strategy and doctrines; and issues related to co-operation in the scientific field.

36
24 May 2000,
MINISTERIAL LEVEL
Florence, Italy
Foreign Ministers held consultations on issues related to the situation in the former Yugoslavia, co-operation in SFOR and KFOR; NATO's 1999 Strategic Concept, Russia's National Security Concept; issues related to military strategy and doctrines, and infrastructure development programmes. Ministers approved a PJC Work Programme for the remainder of 2000 and agreed to re-establish a NATO Information Office in Moscow.

37
9 June 2000,
MINISTERIAL LEVEL
Brussels
Defence Ministers agreed: to intensify their dialogue and co-operation in the defence and military fields on the basis of common interest, reciprocity and transparency. They discussed the implementation of strategy and military doctrine, as a means to enhance transparency, build confidence, and dispel misperceptions with a view to ensuring stability. They agreed to pursue these discussions both in the PJC and with military representatives under the auspices of the PJC in the PJC-MR.

38
24 July 2000, AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed: situation in the former Yugoslavia and co-operation in KFOR. NATO Ambassadors shared assessments of their recent visit to Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina (17-19 July 2000), emphasising the good co?operation between Russian and NATO troops on the ground. NATO and Russia reiterated their determination to continue working towards the full implementation of the UNSCR 1244 and to co-operate in all areas, including the protection of Kosovo's minorities.
As part of their ongoing discussions on questions related to strategy and military doctrines of NATO and Russia, Ambassadors received a briefing on the Russian Military Doctrine.

39
20 September 2000,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the situation in the former Yugoslavia with a particular emphasis on the political and security implications of the elections to be held in the region.
Ambassadors continued their exchange on infrastructure development programmes and addressed a NATO-Russia pilot project to open in Moscow an information office and consultation centre on the retraining of discharged military personnel.

40
5 October 2000,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Foreign Minister Yevgeny Gusarov provided a briefing on Russia's new Foreign Policy Concept. Discussing this document, Ambassadors continued their exchange of views on issues related to strategy and military doctrines initiated in March and further pursued in April and July.
41
30 October 2000,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors welcomed the peaceful democratic changes that have taken place in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and discussed their implications for the region.
NATO and Russia continued their reciprocal exchanges on nuclear weapons issues, including doctrine and strategy.

42
15 November 2000,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the situation in the former Yugoslavia, disarmament and arms control issues, including CFE and Open Skies and issues related to peacekeeping. They reviewed work done in the framework of the PJC Working Group on Peacekeeping. NATO and Russia reviewed the outcome of a recent NATO-Russia expert meeting on search and rescue at sea and looked forward to close co-operation in this field.
43
5 December 2000,
Defence Ministers
Ministers discussed the situation in the former Yugoslavia. They welcomed the continuing progress in co-operation between NATO and Russian military officers at SHAPE, and the excellent cooperation between their military forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Kosovo.
Ministers exchanged views on the defence-military priorities and perspectives for the NATO-Russia dialogue and cooperation. They endorsed a status report and agreed a work programme on search and rescue at sea, and welcomed the progress already made in this area through experts' meetings. In the spirit of common interest and transparency, they exchanged views on defence reform in the light of announced or ongoing restructurings of their forces. They agreed to pursue discussions in this area and to consider possible ways of expanding their cooperation. Ministers had a further exchange of views on non-strategic missile defence.

44
13 December 2000,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the situation in the former Yugoslavia and exchanged views on the NATO-Russia cooperation in the international security presence in Kosovo (KFOR). They reviewed the situation in the Presevo Valley and underlined that the international community will not tolerate provocations and other attempts to undermine the peace process.
Following a preparatory expert meeting held on 9 November 2000, Ambassadors addressed the proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and their delivery means, including discussion of current risks.
45
15 December 2000,
Foreign Ministers
Ministers reviewed the situation in the former Yugoslavia. They agreed that the recent encouraging changes in the region offer new prospects of lasting stability and further progress towards regional integration.
Ministers noted a Progress Report on the implementation of the PJC Work Programme for the remainder of 2000. These subjects of direct interest to both NATO and Russia included, inter alia, strategy and doctrine, arms control, proliferation, military infrastructure, nuclear weapons issues, the retraining of discharged military personnel and search and rescue at sea.
Ministers approved a constructive PJC Work Programme for 2001, exchanged letters on the establishment of a NATO Information Office in Moscow, noted the report presented to the PJC by the NATO-Russia Joint Scientific and Technological Co-operation Committee, discussed common approaches developed in the PJC Working Group on Peacekeeping.
Ministers looked forward to an early signing of the NATO-Russia Memorandum of Understanding on Environmental Protection.

46
24 January 2001,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the evolving situation in the FRY and welcomed the continuing democratic changes. Ambassadors agreed on steps to implement the PJC Work Programme for 2001.

47
28 February 2001,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the evolving situation in the FRY and exchanged views on NATO-Russia cooperation in the international security presence in Kosovo (KFOR).
Ambassadors also explored the scope for c-ooperation on defence related environmental issues.
NATO and Russia exchanged information on issues related to defence reform and agreed to continue their dialogue on this issue.

48
28 March 2001,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the developments in the Balkans, NATO-Russia cooperation in KFOR, and issues related to disarmament and arms control, including general discussion on CFE and Open Skies.

49
26 April 2001,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the evolving situation in the Balkans, co-operation in KFOR, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery means. They discussed results of the expert group meeting held in Moscow on 23 April. In this context, the Assistant to the President of the Russian Federation, Marshall I. Sergeyev, explained the Russian proposal on European non-strategic missile defence. Ambassadors held an initial exchange of views on this matter.
NATO and Russia addressed issues related to the retraining of retired military personnel and expressed their intention to develop practical co-operation in this area.
Ambassadors also reviewed the result of a recent NATO/Russia experts meeting on combating international terrorism.

50
23 May 2001,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the situation in the Balkans, co-operation in KFOR, nuclear weapons issues, inter alia on NATO proposals on Confidence and Security Building Measures in the nuclear field. They also reviewed NATO-Russia cooperation in the framework of EAPC/PfP.

51
27 June 2001
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the situation in the Balkans, co-operation in KFOR. They expressed their grave concern at the critical situation in FYROM* and strongly condemned all armed extremist activities. They underlined the urgency of finding a political solution to the crisis, and urged all concerned to renew their commitment to political dialogue.

52
18 July 2001,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the situation in the Balkans, co-operation in KFOR, , issues related to increasing transparency, predictability and mutual confidence regarding the size and role of the conventional forces of member States of NATO and Russia.

53
13 September 2001,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
At the extraordinary session, the Ambassadors expressed its anger and indignation at the barbaric acts committed against the people of the United States of America. The deepest sympathies of Allies and Russia lie with the victims and their families. NATO and Russia are united in their resolve not to let those responsible for such an inhuman act to go unpunished. NATO and Russia call on the entire international community to unite in the struggle against terrorism.

54
19 September 2001,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the situation in FYROM, political and defence efforts against proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and their delivery means, including follow-on discussions of current threats/risks and TMD co?operation. They reviewed the substantial results of the NATO/Russia experts' meeting, held in Brussels on 12 July. Ambassadors decided that NATO/Russia expert-level consultations on issues related to non-strategic missile defence will continue.
In view of the terrorist attacks on the United States of America on 11 September and recalling the statement issued by the Permanent Joint Council on 13 September, Ambassadors expect that consultations at an appropriate level be held to pursue intensified NATO-Russia co-operation in combating international terrorism.
55
2 October 2001,
Consultations on combating terrorism
NATO-Russia consultations were held on combating terrorism. The participants exchanged information and views on terrorist attacks of 11 September on the United States of America. They discussed ways and modalities of further consultation and possible co-operation between Russia and NATO in counteracting this global threat to security and stability.

56
29 October 2001,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the evolving peace process in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and the need for progress on the parliamentary debate to enhance the security and stability in the country. They exchanged views on NATO-Russia co-operation in KFOR and reiterated their full commitment to building there a democratic, multiethnic society.
Ambassadors continued consultations on nuclear weapons issues, including an initial exchange on NATO's proposal on Confidence and Security Building Measures in the nuclear field. They reviewed the pragmatic results of the NATO-Russia experts' meeting, held in Brussels on 24 October. Ambassadors decided that NATO-Russia consultations on these issues would continue.
Ambassadors discussed issues related to disarmament and arms control, including general discussion on CFE and Open Skies, based on the constructive NATO-Russia experts' meeting of conventional arms control experts held on 25 October in Brussels.
As a follow-up to the first ad-hoc senior level NATO-Russia consultation on combating terrorism in Brussels on 2 October, Ambassadors took positive stock of efforts already in hand to intensify NATO-Russia cooperation and discussed possibilities for further progress in this field.

57
7 December 2001,
Foreign Ministers
The Foreign Ministers have decided to give new impetus and substance to NATO-Russia partnership, with the goal of creating a new council bringing together NATO member states and Russia to identify and pursue opportunities for joint action at 20.

The Ministers agreed to intensify cooperation in the struggle against terrorism, crisis management, non-proliferation, arms control and confidence building measures, theatre missile defence, search and rescue at sea, military-to-military cooperation and civil emergencies, which represents a major step towards a qualitatively new relationship.

The Foreign Ministers have tasked their Ambassadors to explore and develop new, effective mechanisms for consultation, cooperation, joint decision, and coordinated/joint action. It is foreseen that such cooperative mechanisms beyond the current format will be in place for, or prior to, the Foreign Ministers’ meeting in Reykjavik in May 2002.

58
18 December 2001,
Defence Ministers
Ministers fully endorsed the decision of Foreign Ministers on 7 December to give new impetus and substance to the partnership between NATO Allies and Russia.

They agreed to pursue their cooperative efforts in combating terrorism. Such first cooperative effort will be a NATO-Russia conference on the military role in combating terrorism, which will take place in February 2002. They recognised the importance of defence reform as a key instrument to ensure adequate military capabilities.

Ministers reviewed the situation in the Balkans. They reaffirmed that their forces deployed in the region continue to make an essential contribution. They welcomed the significant progress in their cooperation on search and rescue at sea and noted the Work Programme for 2002, as well as a general Work Plan agreed by Military Representatives of the Permanent Joint Council. Ministers also welcomed the Exchange of Letters to establish the Military Liaison Mission in Moscow.

59
27 February 2002,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the security situation in the Balkans, political and defence efforts against proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons and their delivery means, including discussions on current risks/threats, and on managing the consequences of NBC use or threat of use and TMD cooperation. They agreed to further intensify cooperation in this area.

60
20 March, 2002
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors discussed the security situation in the Balkans. They noted with satisfaction continued cooperation between NATO and Russian forces in KFOR and SFOR and reaffirmed their common commitment to stability and security in the region.
They also discussed disarmament and arms control, based on the NATO-Russia experts' meeting of conventional arms control experts, which was held on 28 February in Brussels.

61
6 May 2002,
AMBASSADORIAL LEVEL
Ambassadors exchanged views on the situation in the Balkans and progress made in combating terrorism. They reiterated their determination to continue to intensify these efforts. They noted the joint report on the NATO-Russia Conference on the Role of the Military in Combating Terrorism, held in Rome on 4 February.
Ambassadors discussed the preparations for the PJC meeting at the level of Foreign Ministers, to be held on 14 May in Reykjavik and preparations for the 28 May NATO-Russia Summit in Rome.
Ambassadors also discussed issues of defence reform, including the results of the first session of the NATO-Russia Staff Talks on Defence Reform and the 15 April working meeting of the NATO Economic Committee with Deputy Defence Minister Lyubov Kudelina.

62
14 May 2002,
Foreign Ministers,
Reykjavik
Ministers approved a document, which allows their Heads of State and Government to decide on the creation of the NATO-Russia Council, where NATO member states and Russia will work as equal partners in areas of common interest.
They have submitted this document for adoption and signature by Heads of State and Government of NATO member states and Russia, who will hold the inaugural session of the NATO-Russia Council on 28 May in Rome. Ministers have also approved Rules of Procedure and a Work Programme for the NATO-Russia Council for 2002, effective upon the adoption and signature of the document at the highest political level.
Ministers discussed possible specific measures to take cooperation in combating terrorism. They agreed to strengthen cooperation through a multi-faceted approach, including joint assessment of the terrorist threat to the Euro-Atlantic area, focused on specific threats, for example, to Russian and NATO forces, to civilian aircraft, or to critical infrastructure. As an initial step in this regard, they noted the joint NATO-Russia assessment of the terrorist threat to SFOR and KFOR.

63
28 May 2002,
Meeting of the Heads of State and Government in Rome
Russia and the 19 NATO member states signed the Rome Declaration, establishing the NATO-Russia Council. Western leaders hailed the development, with British Prime Minister Tony Blair saying that it "marks the end of the Cold War." RFE/RL (28 May 2002)
NATO opened a liaison mission in Moscow on 27 May in the run-up to the NATO-Russia summit in Rome
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