NATO Parliamentary Assembly
HomeDOCUMENTSPolicy Recommendations2004November 2004, Venice Italy – Resolution on CONFRONTING NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION

November 2004, Venice Italy – Resolution on CONFRONTING NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION

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The Assembly,

1. Convinced that nuclear weapons are a risk to mankind, and all countries should take steps to promote a safer world by pursuing their eventual elimination;

2. Recognising that for more than 50 years, the international community has struggled to make the acquisition and development of such weapons more difficult and less desirable;

3. Persuaded that the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) provides the norm and the foundation for an international regime to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, and has led several states to abandon their nuclear weapons programmes;

4. Aware that changes in the international security environment require the strengthening of the NPT regime and its adaptation to the threats of the 21st century aiming at its universalisation;

5. Extremely concerned that North Korea has declared its withdrawal from the NPT and is pursuing the development of nuclear weapons;

6. Remaining concerned by the risks of proliferation presented by Iran’s nuclear programme and activities, nonetheless welcomes Iran’s recent announcement to suspend its uranium enrichment activities and calls on the Iranian Government to comply permanently with the relevant IAEA provisions;

7. Profoundly disturbed by the disclosure of a worldwide black market covering weapons technologies and nuclear materials from various arsenals, as was the case with that instigated by Pakistani scientist, Abdul Qadeer Khan;

8. Particularly concerned that some of the technologies and materials necessary to build nuclear devices, because of their dual-use, have become relatively easy to acquire by terrorist or criminal groups;

9. Praising Libya’s recent decision to halt and dismantle its weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and missile programmes;
10. Strongly persuaded that to maximise effectiveness in reducing the threat of nuclear weapons and other WMD, any international response firstly requires a coordinated transatlantic approach;

11. Welcoming the G-8 Action Plan on Non-Proliferation adopted by the G-8 Summit at Sea Island and the initiatives adopted by NATO at its 2004 Istanbul Summit to deter, prevent, counter and respond to the threat and potential use of WMD;

12. URGES member governments and parliaments of the North Atlantic Alliance:

a. to tighten controls over the export of nuclear material by universalising the supporting the aims of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1540 in strengthening national export control systems, removing legal loopholes, and enacting legally binding controls;

b. to strengthen support the aims of the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) by increasing international military, intelligence, and law enforcement cooperation;

c. to amend the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation to make the transport of WMD on commercial vessels an internationally recognised offence;

d. to negotiate a non-discriminatory, effectively verifiable Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty to stop the production of highly enriched uranium and plutonium for weapons purposes;

e. to expand the G-8 Global Partnership and better coordinate all initiatives to support cooperative non-proliferation projects in Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States aimed at better securing weapons, materials and technical expertise;

f. to make the IAEA Additional Protocol mandatory for NPT members and by 2005 to allow only states that have signed this Protocol to import equipment for their civilian nuclear programmes;

g. to conclude that states declared by the IAEA Board of Governors to be in non-compliance with their safeguards obligations, have deprived themselves of their right to develop sensitive nuclear fuel cycle activities, such as enrichment and reprocessing;

h. to promote the creation of a special committee of the IAEA Board of Governors, which would focus exclusively on safeguards and verification;

i. to empower IAEA inspectors with the right to conduct broader inspections – such as those performed recently in Libya and Iran – in every member country that has not signed an Additional Protocol;

j. to strongly urge North Korea to refrain from developing nuclear weapons, cease the marketing of ballistic missile technology and and resume the Six Party Talks as soon as possible;

k. to use all appropriate diplomatic and political means to convince Iran not to develop nuclear weapons;

l. to persuade Iran to comply with the IAEA Board of Governors’ resolution of 18 September 2004, by providing further information and explanations about its nuclear programme and suspending all enrichment-related activities in order to promote confidence;

m. to strengthen the NPT by implementing the decisions of all NPT conferences;

n. to make certain ensure that the withdrawal of any country from the NPT would prompt an immediate review of that country’s nuclear activities by the UN Security Council;

o. to engage the states that remain outside the NPT and possess declared or undeclared nuclear weapons – India, Israel and Pakistan – and convince them to sign the IAEA Additional Protocol, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, and gradually eliminate production of fissile material;

p. to strongly urge China to refrain from developing new nuclear weapons;

q. to make the United States Government aware of the concern that its research into the development of a robust nuclear earth penetrator or of any other new nuclear devices could affect international nuclear non-proliferation efforts;

r. to seriously examine the issue of sub-strategic nuclear weapons in the context of the NATO-Russia Council and eventually submit a proposal on a phased and verifiable withdrawal of tactical nuclear weapons from Europe.



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* presented by the Science and Technology Committee and adopted by the NATO Parliamentary Assembly at its 50th Annual Session in Venice, Italy on 16 November 2004.

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