17 November 2009 - NATO PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY IDENTIFIES CONCRETE MEASURES TO CLOSE LOOPHOLES OF GLOBAL NUCLEAR NON PROLIFERATION REGIME
A report compiled by the Assembly’s Science and Technology Committee, examined several loopholes “that allow ambiguous nuclear programmes”, in particular that of Iran, which has “almost achieved the theoretical breakout capability”. These should be addressed by tightening the regime, said the report’s Rapporteur Michael Mates MP (UK).
In the report, he suggests the universalisation of the Additional Protocol (which provides for intrusive IAEA inspections), internationalization of dual-use nuclear technologies, and the introduction of measures to penalize withdrawal from the non-proliferation regime. Also, the International Atomic Energy Agency would benefit from additional resources. The report also emphasized the need to strengthen conventions dealing with the potential threat of biological and chemical weapons.
“There are a number of system influences that hinder progress on non-proliferation issues” said Mr Mates, speaking at the NATO Parliamentary Assembly’s 55th session in
Mates also said he was “concerned about the reactivation by
A lively debate followed Mates’s presentation of the report, reflecting many of the participants’ national positions. The Norwegian delegation were particularly concerned about the environmental consequence of the decommission programme, the safe storage of any nuclear waste generated, and the possible effects of maritime radiation pollution. The French parliamentarians expressed reservations about the feasibility of a vision of a “nuclear weapon-free world” in the context of existing international realities, but emphasized that