Matej TONIN (Slovenia)

13 October 2019


This STCTTS report was adopted on Sunday 13 October 2019 by the Science and Technology Committee at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom.


In little over a decade, AI has moved out of the laboratories and into the consumer’s hands. AI has already begun to make big waves in military and strategic affairs too. Almost all defence experts agree that the application of AI in the armed forces could impact every sphere and degree of warfare.

This report focuses on the key opportunities, challenges and uncertainties AI presents for defence and security. It takes some deep dives into:

•    AI’s impact on information and decision support and robotic autonomous systems;
•    crucial technical and non-technical challenges – including the debate about lethal autonomous weapons systems, and;
•    some potential strategic implications.

Moreover, the report illustrates the growing incorporation of AI in armed forces by providing a Euro-Atlantic snapshot of military AI efforts. The main takeaways:
1.    The key defence innovators inside the Alliance must maintain their leadership positions by investing in defence-related AI R&D.
2.    The defence technology AI gap between Allies must remain small enough to be bridged by interoperability.