2022 - STRENGTHENING ALLIANCE S&T RESILIENCE

Nusrat GHANI (United Kingdom) - PRELIMINARY DRAFT GENERAL REPORT

10 May 2022

Innovation is key to NATO’s deterrence and defence. Yet more than ever, upholding a competitive pace in Research and Development (R&D) will be instrumental for NATO to dominate future warfighting domains.
 
NATO’s innovation pipeline needs to adapt to rapidly changing security environments. Competitors invest considerable resources of their own and use illicit means to challenge the innovation achieved by NATO and like-minded countries. The innovation ecosystems have also changed and are now driven mostly by private companies and independent research institutes rather than governments.

This draft report identifies challenges to NATO’s innovation pipeline. These include threats by adversaries, particularly the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and Russia. The draft focuses on risks arising from economic and scientific espionage and the need to secure critical resources for the development of Emerging and Disruptive Technologies (EDTs). The preliminary draft also argues that attempts from competitors to contest norms and standards pose an additional problem, which requires urgent attention.

The rapporteur provides a short overview of efforts designed to strengthen Science and Technology (S&T) Resilience in the Alliance. The draft report concludes with several recommendations on how to make NATO’s S&T endeavours more resilient. These include, among others: maintaining NATO’s technological edge by increasing investment and cooperation around critical technologies; enhancing and deepening NATO’s digitisation processes; and strengthening common understanding of ethical standards for these technologies. 


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