Philippe Folliot was born in Albi and is deeply attached to the department of Tarn where he has always resided. He lives in Saint-Pierre de Trivisy, where he was elected the youngest mayor in France in 1989.
Elected in 1994 to the General Council of the Tarn, where he remained the youngest member until 2008, he also exercised the highest responsibilities in various social housing organisations.
Since June 2002, he has been an elected Deputy of the Tarn. Re-elected in 2007 and in 2012, he joined the centrist group UDI as a founding member. In December 2014, he was appointed 3rd Vice-President of the UDI, in charge of defence and security issues. President of the centrist Alliance since 2016, he announced, in early 2017, his support for Emmanuel Macron in the presidential election and became fully involved in the campaign. Re-elected Deputy of the Tarn in June 2017, he joined the parliamentary group of La République en Marche. In 2020 he was elected Senator.
Member of the National Defence and Armed Forces Committee since his first legislative mandate, Secretary of the Bureau in 2007 and in 2012, Vice-President in 2009, Philippe Folliot was successively draftsman of the opinion on the "gendarmerie" and "joint support and logistics" budgets. He was also appointed Rapporteur on "civil-military actions" in 2011 and on the France-Afghanistan Friendship Treaty in 2012. Mr Folliot has visited Afghanistan five times since 2008 - and was appointed member of the fact-finding mission on the withdrawal of French troops in Afghanistan. He has also been part of the fact-finding missions on the evolution of the military system in Africa and the monitoring of ongoing operations as well as on the training of military personnel in 2014. Mr Folliot visited Mali and the Central African Republic several times in 2013-2014 to support the French forces engaged on the ground.
He was Chairperson of the French delegation to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (NATO PA), Philippe Folliot and Chairperson of the Mediterranean and Middle East special Group in 2018-2020. In December 2019, he was appointed Acting Vice-President of the NATO PA. In May 2020 he was appointed Vice-president. He is currently the Chairperson of the Economics and Security Committee
In 2009, he authored a reference book France sur mer, un empire oublié (France at Sea, a Forgotten Empire), and, in May 2015, was the first parliamentarian to set foot on the Clipperton island, the only French possession in the North Pacific and "the most isolated territory of the Republic". In September 2015, Prime Minister Manuel Valls appointed him to go on a parliamentary mission to study the future of Clipperton Island. This mission resulted in the May 2016 a report, Valoriser l'île de la Passion (Clipperton) par l'implantation d'une station scientifique à caractère international (Adding value to the Passion island (Clipperton) by the creation of an international scientific station), and a bill aimed at giving special status to this island. This bill was adopted unanimously in November of the same year by the National Assembly. In January 2017, together with two of his colleagues from the majority and the opposition, he successfully opposed the ratification of the treaty with the Republic of Mauritius for the co-management of the island of Tromelin and its maritime areas.
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