London, 13 October 2019 – NATO Allies must stand firm in their response to Russian military and political assertiveness and affirm their support for its strategic partner, Ukraine, amid increasing public hope for a brighter future there, parliamentarians and experts said Sunday.
In London at the NATO Parliamentary Assembly’s Annual Session, lawmakers discussed Russia’s non-compliance with the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, its role in Syria, the shooting down of a Malaysian Airlines passenger jet over Ukraine and the Salisbury nerve agent attack.
“The Alliance needs to remain firm and continue to strengthen defence and deterrence while avoiding escalation,” Croatian lawmaker Miro Kovac told the assembly’s Political Committee. “The deployment, on a rotational basis, of credible conventional assets on NATO’s eastern and southeastern flanks is a measured and necessary response.”
Kovac said it was important to maintain economic pressure on Russia, including through international sanctions, and to ensure that NATO does not give in to Moscow’s demands to end its open door policy of possible membership for European countries seeking to join the Alliance.
Presenting a draft report on NATO-Russia relations, he insisted on the need for continued dialogue, particularly on areas of common interest like counter-terrorism, anti-piracy cooperation and counter-narcotics work in Afghanistan.
Keir Giles, a senior consulting fellow at Chatham House’s Russia and Eurasia Programme, underlined that talks must have clear goals, otherwise they risk encouraging Moscow not to take the process seriously and seeing the offer of high-level meetings as a reward.
Giles told the Defence and Security Committee that history shows the strategic interests of Moscow and those of NATO and its partners are irreconcilable, and that “Russia sees concessions and compromise as weaknesses to be exploited.”
In the Civil Dimension of Security Committee, Canadian lawmaker Jane Cordy highlighted the improvements in Ukraine amid continued Russian destabilisation five years after the pro-European Maidan revolution.
“Despite the ongoing military conflict, Ukraine managed to stabilise its economy, improve the business climate and substantially increase energy independence.” Cordy said. She welcomed President Zelenskyy’s recent peace initiative, but reminded that the ultimate goal of the negotiations is the full restauration of Ukraine’s territorial integrity.
Tensions between NATO and Russia have mounted since the Kremlin illegally annexed Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula in 2014. Allies say Moscow continues to back separatists in eastern Ukraine and undermine the central government. More than 13,000 people have died in the conflict.
Cordy said “Western assistance to Ukraine continues to be critical” and urged the Euro-Atlantic community not to “succumb to ‘Ukraine fatigue’.” She reiterated the Assembly’s support for Ukraine’s Euro-Atlantic integration.
Orysia Lutsevych, manager of the Ukraine Forum, Russia and Eurasia Programme at Chatham House, underlined the positive political change in a parliament with an average age of 41, with many women and where a president of Ukraine holds a majority for the first time in history.
“People believe, rightly or wrongly, that the current leadership will succeed in reforming Ukraine,” Lutsevych said, but she warned of the dangers of a possible “clash of systems” with Russia.
“What Ukrainians want is a system based on rules, clear rules. What Russia wants is the system where rules are used to the benefit of plutocracy and autocracy. Ukraine is on the frontline of this clash,” she said.
Photos of this session are public and can be found on the NATO PA Flickr account.
This report was adopted by the Defence and Security Committee at the Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in Lisbon. Receding ice is expanding access to surface transit routes…Committee Reports
This report was adopted by the Defence and Security Committee at the Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in Lisbon. Beijing is investing in modern armed forces capable of defending China’s increasingly global …Committee Reports
This report was adopted by the Political Committee at the Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in Lisbon. Relations between Russia and West are currently at a new post-Soviet…Committee Reports
This resolution was presented by the Political Committee and adopted by the Plenary Assembly on Monday 11 October 2021.Policy Recommendations
This resolution was presented by the Defence and Security Committee and adopted by the Plenary Assembly on Monday 11 October 2021.Policy Recommendations
This resolution was presented by the Political Committee and adopted by the Plenary Assembly in Lisbon, Portugal on Monday 11 October 2021.Policy Recommendations
This resolution was presented by the Defence and Security Committee and adopted by the Plenary Assembly in Lisbon, Portugal on Monday 11 October 2021.Policy Recommendations
This resolution was presented by the Committee on Democracy and Security and adopted by the Plenary Assembly in Lisbon, Portugal on Monday 11 October 2021.Policy Recommendations
This draft report discusses ways to rejuvenate the transatlantic bond and to seek fairer burden sharing in the context of the NATO 2030 agenda and the revision of NATO’s Strategic Concept. Despite the pandemic and other new challenges, NATO continues to demonstrate its…Committee Reports
In the past two decades, the United States, Russia, and China have developed diverging perceptions of the international security environment. At the US-Russia bilateral level, this has become increasingly evident through the collapse of important arms control…Committee Reports
For Allied societies, the COVID-19 pandemic has painfully demonstrated the importance of strengthening their preparedness and capacity to respond to crises. Faced with an increasingly complex security environment and the multiplication of military and non-military…Committee Reports
The Mediterranean Sea has three strategic entry points, providing access to the Atlantic Ocean, the Red Sea which leads to the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and the Black Sea which leads to Eastern Europe and Russia. Thus, the Mediterranean connects all the world’s major…Committee Reports
The information crisis surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic and the events at the US Capitol building on 6 January 2021 have laid bare the destabilizing effects of disinformation and propaganda on democratic societies. A growing number of ill-intentioned external and…Committee Reports
The 2011-2012 uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa raised high expectations for the democratisation of the region’s societies and for a greater respect of the fundamental rights of the populations. Ten years after the Arab revolutions, some progress – varying…Committee Reports
In the almost two decades since the end of the large-scale use of force to change the territorial political reality in the Western Balkans, much has been accomplished. The majority of the states of the former Yugoslavia are now firmly entrenched in the Euro-Atlantic…Committee Reports
The Alliance reacted swiftly and effectively to do its part to mitigate the impact of the spreading coronavirus early in 2020. It continues to contribute to the fight that will lead to its ultimate defeat. To date, NATO has coordinated well over 350 missions to…Committee Reports
Clear messaging from policy declarations and actions signal Moscow is doing its best to assert Russia’s power in a multipolar world. Increasing Russian national levers of power will permit Russia to counterbalance US power in the Euro-Atlantic and beyond. Understood in…Committee Reports
[...] Today, NATO’s DCB initiative is an integral part of the core of NATO’s cooperative security outreach with partners. The programme allows NATO Allies to focus on working very closely with select partners to make their defence institutions, forces and capabilities…Committee Reports
The COVID-19 crisis has a significant short- and long-term impact on many aspects of the civilian dimension of security. This special report firstly examines the link between repressive policies and the aggravation of the health crisis. It shows that human rights…Committee Reports
The rapid rise of the People’s Republic of China in the last part of the 20th century and early decades of the 21st century represents a paradigm shift in global affairs comparable in magnitude to the collapse of the Soviet Union. …Committee Reports
As 2020 marks the 20th anniversary of the unanimous adoption of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (WPS), this draft general report takes stock of the progress achieved in advancing the implementation of the resolution in the…Committee Reports
“A global pandemic is not a question of if, but when and how bad”. Variations of this statement have over the years been repeated by countless health experts, yet when in late 2019 a novel coronavirus emerged in the Chinese city of Wuhan, much of the world found…Committee Reports
Informing and educating the public about NATO, its structures, operations, objectives and the threats it protects the Euro-Atlantic populations from are essential to ensure understanding of and support for the organisation. Given the Alliance’s democratic nature and…Committee Reports
As the COVID-19 pandemic and ensuing recession are transforming the global security landscape, the Gulf region finds itself in a particularly vulnerable situation. The region’s volatile security environment was already of significant concern to the Allies and the…Committee Reports
The contemporary global liberal order, established in the aftermath of World War II, and the values of individual liberty, democracy, human rights and rule of law that underpin it have formed the foundation of the Alliance since its creation. Using its expanding…Committee Reports
The relationship between NATO and the European Union (EU) – arguably the two most powerful multilateral bodies in modern history – is a recurring theme in international political debates, not only in Europe but also in NATO. Indeed, some members of the latter – not…Committee Reports
Obtaining insights in Africa’s security dynamics related to the evolving security landscape in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region was the main focus of a NATO PA visit to Addis Ababa from 23 to 25 September 2019. The current state of cooperation between…Mission Reports
Five years after the Revolution of Dignity, Ukraine still faces tremendous challenges both in protecting its sovereignty in the face of the ongoing Russian aggression and in fulfilling its commitments towards reform. It is clear that there is frustration and…Committee Reports
This PCNP report was adopted on Sunday 13 October 2019 by the Political Committee at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. …Committee Reports
This DSCFC report was adopted on Sunday 13 October 2019 by the Defence and Security Committee at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom.…Committee Reports
This DSCTC report was adopted on Sunday 13 October 2019 by the Defence and Security Committee at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom.…Committee Reports
This DSC report was adopted on Saturday 12 October 2019 by the Defence and Security Committee at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. …Committee Reports
This PC General report was adopted on Saturday 12 October 2019 by the Political Committee at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. Recent General Reports of the…Committee Reports
This CDS general report was adopted on Saturday 12 October 2019 by the Committee on the Civil Dimension of Security at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. …Committee Reports
This CDS Special report was adopted on Saturday 12 October 2019 by the Committee on the Civil Dimension of Security at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. …Committee Reports
This Sub-Committee report was adopted on Saturday 12 October 2019 by the Political Committee at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. For the past 70 years, the…Committee Reports
Joint NATO PA / DCAF survey United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 (2000) encourages member states and international organisations to involve women and integrate a gender perspective in national and multilateral security initiatives such as…Other Documents
The report provides a brief overview of the security environment in the Western Balkans. It argues that NATO and the European Union need to remain engaged to encourage the countries of the region to continue their reform process, providing assistance when necessary…Committee Reports
18 November 2018 - Civil protection occupies an important place in NATO’s comprehensive approach to security. This report will focus on two regions where this aspect of security has become particularly acute in recent years: the High North and the Mediterranean.In the…Committee Reports
This report discusses the challenges posed by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) - commonly known as North Korea- to regional and international security. It begins with a review of North Korea’s ballistic and nuclear weapons…Committee Reports
24 September 2018 - Human rights watchdogs indicate that democracy around the world deteriorated to the lowest point in more than a decade. For the Alliance, an organisation underpinned by liberal democratic values, this erosion has severe consequences. The report…Committee Reports
18 November 2018 - “Hybrid warfare” became a buzzword in the international political discourse following Russia’s invasion in Ukraine and the illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014. This report focuses specifically on the Kremlin’s use of hybrid tactics because the…Committee Reports
This report reviews the main security challenges in NATO’s southern neighbourhood and their impact on NATO Allies. After providing a brief update on recent developments in Syria and Iraq, the report analyses the key drivers promoting instability in North Africa. To…Committee Reports
NATO is implementing ambitious new adaptations to its defence and deterrence posture in response to a rapidly evolving international security environment. In parallel there is a rising expectation all NATO Allies must do more to invest in the success of these…Committee Reports
Saturday 26 May 2018 [ 24 CDS 18 E]Meeting Summaries
18 April 2018 - Qatar is a small country roughly the size of Montenegro. 2.7 million people live in the country, of which only 12% are Qatari citizens. The country has the highest per capita GDP in the world and is the world’s third largest gas producer and third…Mission Reports
Iryna GERASHCHENKO, co-chairperson of the Ukraine-NATO Interparliamentary Council (UNIC) welcomed the delegates to Odesa and noted that the President of the Parliament had just presented a national security bill to the Rada. A number of allied countries helped with that…Mission Reports
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. Japan will support the efforts by US President Donald Trump to negotiate a denuclearisation of North Korea but will continue to pursue a cautious approach toward the regime of the Democratic People’s Republic of…Mission Reports
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY US policymakers delivered a loud and clear message to a delegation from the Defence and Security Committee of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly: The United States is increasing its commitment to NATO, and it expects increased investments in parallel…Mission Reports
5 June 2018 - Members of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (NATO PA) Sub-Committee on Democratic Governance (CDSCG) and Sub-Committee on Technology Trends and Security (STCTTS) paid a visit to Norway from 7 to 9 May 2018. The delegation consisted of 30 members of parliament from 17 NATO…Mission Reports
Coping with the complex security problems arising in the MENA region requires multi-faceted approaches for the simple reason that the challenges themselves are highly complex and resist simple solutions. This was one of the central insights of a Joint Seminar of the NATO Parliamentary…Mission Reports
CONFRONTING DISINFORMATION AND THE WEAPONISATION OF INFORMATION Presented by the Committee on the Civil Dimension of Security and adopted by the Plenary Assembly on Monday 9 October 2017, Bucharest, RomaniaPolicy Recommendations
Special Report of the Defence and Security Committee [164 DSC 17 E bis] In his February 9, 2017 testimony before the United States Congress, General John W. Nicholson, Jr., Commander of Resolute Support Mission (RSM) and of US Forces in Afghanistan (USFOR-A), told…Committee Reports
Report Title: Tackling the Challenges from the South Rapporteur: Julio MIRANDA CALHA (Portugal)Year: 2017 Violent conflict and instability, particularly in Syria and Iraq, continue to destabilise the Middle East and North Africa (…Committee Reports
Report of the Sub-Committee on Transatlantic Defence and Security Cooperation [163 DSCTC 17 E rev.1 fin] Efforts to strengthen the breadth and depth of NATO-EU cooperation have a long, relatively unfruitful…Committee Reports
Report Title: Social Media Revolution: Political and Security Implications Rapporteur: Jane CORDY (Canada)Year: 2017 The rise of social media is one of the most recent and far-reaching manifestations of the digital computing and communication…Committee Reports
Report Title: Russia – From Partner to CompetitorRapporteur: Rasa JUKNEVICIENE (Lithuania/Lituanie)Year: 2017 NATO-Russia relations are currently at their lowest since the end of the Cold War. Moscow’s provocative stance and actions towards NATO, and…Committee Reports
Report Title: Advancing stability in the Black Sea Region Rapporteur: Ulla SCHMIDT (Germany)Year: 2017 Once on the periphery of European consciousness, in recent years the Black Sea region reappeared on policymakers’ radar. Regional geopolitics are…Committee Reports
Report Title: The War in Syria and Iraq: Humanitarian AspectsRapporteur: Joëlle GARRIAUD-MAYLAM (France) Year: 2017The…Committee Reports
Report Title: Burden sharing revisitedRapporteur: Ojars Eriks KALNINS (Latvia) Year: 2017 Since its founding, NATO has served as a transatlantic forum for political dialogue and consultation to define common political positions and adopt diplomatic…Committee Reports
Report Title: NATO and Security in the ArcticRapporteur: Gerald E. CONNOLLY (United States)Year: 2017 The Arctic region, or High North, ranked top of the security agenda during the Cold War due to its strategic importance. Its significance was largely…Committee Reports
Report Title: The Space Domain and Allied DefenceActing Rapporteur: Madeleine MOON (United Kingdom)Year: 2017 Governments and private agencies continue to hone their abilities to utilise the space domain at a rapid pace. Long-range satellite…Committee Reports
Report Title: Ballistic Missile Defence and NATORapporteur: Joseph A. DAY (Canada)Year: 2017 Alongside conventional and nuclear capabilities, ballistic missile defence (BMD) is now considered a core NATO capability. The current framework for NATO BMD…Committee Reports
During the four-day visit to London and York, NATO Parliamentarians received briefings on, inter alia, the challenge posed by Daesh, instability in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, counter-terrorism, as well as UK civil protection and emergency relief…Mission Reports