Bucharest, 7 October 2017 – Lawmakers from across the NATO Alliance expressed concerns Saturday about tensions around the Black Sea and urged Allied governments to strengthen efforts to maintain stability and democracy in the region.
“The deterioration of the global security landscape in recent years undermines efforts to develop regional cooperation and regional identity in the Black Sea,” German parliamentarian Ulla Schmidt told the NATO Parliamentary Assembly.
“Military build-up is approaching dangerous levels, multiple conflicts remain unresolved and Russia has substantially increased its foothold in the region,” she told the Assembly’s annual session in Bucharest. “The international community – particularly the EU and NATO – should place the region higher on their agenda in order to reverse negative trends and reignite regional cooperation.”
Schmidt drafted a resolution, expected to be adopted by the assembly on Monday, that urged the Allies to use “all available political and diplomatic means to seek de-escalation of tensions in the Black Sea,” while reaffirming the NATO PA’s “unequivocal condemnation of Russia’s continued violations of Georgian and Ukrainian territorial sovereignty, severe human rights violations in the occupied territories and efforts to intimidate and destabilise its neighbours.”
Romanian Defence Minister Mihai-Viorel Fifor told the Assembly that Russia had shifted the balance of power in the region, creating a “fluid and unpredictable” security situation.
“The most important influence on the security of the Black Sea is generated by Russia’s new assertive approach and aggressive behaviour in relation to its neighbours and towards NATO and the EU,” Fifor said. “The involvement of the Russian Federation in the Ukrainian crisis represents the strongest degradation of the European order system with international impact, since the end of the Cold War.”
The Russian build up in the Black Sea has implications beyond the region as Moscow seeks to further expand its influence, said Romania’s Foreign Minister Teodor-Viorel Meleşcanu. “This build up in the Black Sea is practically the departure point for an important presence in the eastern Mediterranean and in the Middle East as a whole,” he said.
Former foreign minister of Romania Ambassador Sergiu Celac noted that regional co-operation in the Black Sea has been undermined by geopolitical prerogatives. “However, it is more important than ever to keep these regional institutions alive. Even with reduced expectations, these institutions will be handy when the political environment improves,” Celac said.
The wider relationship between NATO and Russia was taken up by Lithuanian lawmaker Rasa Jukneviciene who drafted a report, on the issue, that was adopted in Bucharest. “NATO Allies need to remain committed to a strong deterrence posture and stand up to Russia’s continuing provocations and aggressions against NATO partner countries, particularly Ukraine and Georgia,” Jukneviciene said.
Two of the expert speakers who briefed the Assembly had more positive messages.
“Russia is no longer a threat to EU gas supplies,” said Prof. Andreas Goldthau, of Royal Holloway University of London, who spoke on Europe’s Energy Security. Goldthau said the European Union had successfully put in place infrastructure and policies to break dependence on Russian supply. “Nominally, the EU could replace Russian gas tomorrow with LNG (Liquid Natural Gas) imports,” he said.
More broadly, Mark Galeotti, Senior Researcher and Coordinator at Centre for European Security, at the Institute of International Relations in Prague, contented that Russian efforts to “divide, distract, dismay and deter,” the West were failing. “I believe that we are winning,” Galeotti said. “I’m struck by a very definite current within the military and national security establishments in Russia that is increasingly despondent.”
Report Title: Russia – From Partner to Competitor
Rapporteur: Rasa JUKNEVICIENE (Lithuania/Lituanie)
NATO-Russia relations are currently at their lowest since the end of the Cold War. Moscow’s provocative stance and actions towards NATO, and…
Report Title: Advancing stability in the Black Sea Region
Rapporteur: Ulla SCHMIDT (Germany)
Once on the periphery of European consciousness, in recent years the Black Sea region reappeared on policymakers’ radar. Regional geopolitics are…
Relations between Russia and West are currently at a new post-Soviet low and the prospects of a new reset of relations are bleak at best. While NATO’s prudent dual track approach to Russia is likely to be reaffirmed in the new Strategic Concept, should the Allies agree…Committee Reports
The information crisis surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic and the events at the US Capitol building on 6 January 2021 have laid bare the destabilizing effects of disinformation and propaganda on democratic societies. A growing number of ill-intentioned external and…Committee Reports
This preliminary draft report discusses ways to rejuvenate the transatlantic bond and to seek fairer burden sharing in the context of the NATO 2030 debate. Despite the pandemic and other new challenges, NATO continues to demonstrate its unique ability to find consensus…Committee Reports
The 2011-2012 uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa raised high expectations for the democratisation of the region’s societies and for a greater respect of the fundamental rights of the populations. Ten years after the Arab revolutions, some progress – varying…Committee Reports
The Mediterranean Sea has three strategic entry points, providing access to the Atlantic Ocean, the Red Sea which leads to the Indian and Pacific Oceans, and the Black Sea which leads to the Russian world. Thus, the Mediterranean connects all the world’s major…Committee Reports
For Allied societies, the COVID-19 pandemic has painfully demonstrated the importance of strengthening their preparedness and capacity to respond to crises. Faced with an increasingly complex security environment and the multiplication of military and non-military…Committee Reports
The COVID-19 crisis has a significant short- and long-term impact on many aspects of the civilian dimension of security. This special report firstly examines the link between repressive policies and the aggravation of the health crisis. It shows that human rights…Committee Reports
The rapid rise of the People’s Republic of China in the last part of the 20th century and early decades of the 21st century represents a paradigm shift in global affairs comparable in magnitude to the collapse of the Soviet Union. …Committee Reports
As 2020 marks the 20th anniversary of the unanimous adoption of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security (WPS), this draft general report takes stock of the progress achieved in advancing the implementation of the resolution in the…Committee Reports
“A global pandemic is not a question of if, but when and how bad”. Variations of this statement have over the years been repeated by countless health experts, yet when in late 2019 a novel coronavirus emerged in the Chinese city of Wuhan, much of the world found…Committee Reports
Informing and educating the public about NATO, its structures, operations, objectives and the threats it protects the Euro-Atlantic populations from are essential to ensure understanding of and support for the organisation. Given the Alliance’s democratic nature and…Committee Reports
As the COVID-19 pandemic and ensuing recession are transforming the global security landscape, the Gulf region finds itself in a particularly vulnerable situation. The region’s volatile security environment was already of significant concern to the Allies and the…Committee Reports
The contemporary global liberal order, established in the aftermath of World War II, and the values of individual liberty, democracy, human rights and rule of law that underpin it have formed the foundation of the Alliance since its creation. Using its expanding…Committee Reports
The relationship between NATO and the European Union (EU) – arguably the two most powerful multilateral bodies in modern history – is a recurring theme in international political debates, not only in Europe but also in NATO. Indeed, some members of the latter – not…Committee Reports
Obtaining insights in Africa’s security dynamics related to the evolving security landscape in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region was the main focus of a NATO PA visit to Addis Ababa from 23 to 25 September 2019. The current state of cooperation between…Mission Reports
Five years after the Revolution of Dignity, Ukraine still faces tremendous challenges both in protecting its sovereignty in the face of the ongoing Russian aggression and in fulfilling its commitments towards reform. It is clear that there is frustration and…Committee Reports
This PCNP report was adopted on Sunday 13 October 2019 by the Political Committee at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. …Committee Reports
This PC General report was adopted on Saturday 12 October 2019 by the Political Committee at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. Recent General Reports of the…Committee Reports
This CDS general report was adopted on Saturday 12 October 2019 by the Committee on the Civil Dimension of Security at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. …Committee Reports
This CDS Special report was adopted on Saturday 12 October 2019 by the Committee on the Civil Dimension of Security at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. …Committee Reports
This Sub-Committee report was adopted on Saturday 12 October 2019 by the Political Committee at the 65th Annual Session of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly in London, United Kingdom. For the past 70 years, the…Committee Reports
Joint NATO PA / DCAF survey United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 (2000) encourages member states and international organisations to involve women and integrate a gender perspective in national and multilateral security initiatives such as…Other Documents
The report provides a brief overview of the security environment in the Western Balkans. It argues that NATO and the European Union need to remain engaged to encourage the countries of the region to continue their reform process, providing assistance when necessary…Committee Reports
18 November 2018 - Civil protection occupies an important place in NATO’s comprehensive approach to security. This report will focus on two regions where this aspect of security has become particularly acute in recent years: the High North and the Mediterranean.In the…Committee Reports
This report argues that Russia’s meddling in elections and referenda is a threat to the Alliance and its members. The Rapporteur reviews…Committee Reports
This report discusses the challenges posed by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) - commonly known as North Korea- to regional and international security. It begins with a review of North Korea’s ballistic and nuclear weapons…Committee Reports
24 September 2018 - Human rights watchdogs indicate that democracy around the world deteriorated to the lowest point in more than a decade. For the Alliance, an organisation underpinned by liberal democratic values, this erosion has severe consequences. The report…Committee Reports
18 November 2018 - “Hybrid warfare” became a buzzword in the international political discourse following Russia’s invasion in Ukraine and the illegal annexation of Crimea in 2014. This report focuses specifically on the Kremlin’s use of hybrid tactics because the…Committee Reports
This report reviews the main security challenges in NATO’s southern neighbourhood and their impact on NATO Allies. After providing a brief update on recent developments in Syria and Iraq, the report analyses the key drivers promoting instability in North Africa. To…Committee Reports
Saturday 26 May 2018 [ 24 CDS 18 E]Meeting Summaries
18 April 2018 - Qatar is a small country roughly the size of Montenegro. 2.7 million people live in the country, of which only 12% are Qatari citizens. The country has the highest per capita GDP in the world and is the world’s third largest gas producer and third…Mission Reports
Iryna GERASHCHENKO, co-chairperson of the Ukraine-NATO Interparliamentary Council (UNIC) welcomed the delegates to Odesa and noted that the President of the Parliament had just presented a national security bill to the Rada. A number of allied countries helped with that…Mission Reports
5 June 2018 - Members of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (NATO PA) Sub-Committee on Democratic Governance (CDSCG) and Sub-Committee on Technology Trends and Security (STCTTS) paid a visit to Norway from 7 to 9 May 2018. The delegation consisted of 30 members of parliament from 17 NATO…Mission Reports
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. Japan will support the efforts by US President Donald Trump to negotiate a denuclearisation of North Korea but will continue to pursue a cautious approach toward the regime of the Democratic People’s Republic of…Mission Reports
STABILITY AND SECURITY IN THE BLACK SEA REGION Presented by the Committee on the Civil Dimension of Security and adopted by the Plenary Assembly on Monday 9 October 2017, Bucharest, RomaniaPolicy Recommendations
Report Title: Tackling the Challenges from the South Rapporteur: Julio MIRANDA CALHA (Portugal)Year: 2017 Violent conflict and instability, particularly in Syria and Iraq, continue to destabilise the Middle East and North Africa (…Committee Reports
Report Title: Social Media Revolution: Political and Security Implications Rapporteur: Jane CORDY (Canada)Year: 2017 The rise of social media is one of the most recent and far-reaching manifestations of the digital computing and communication…Committee Reports
Report Title: Russia – From Partner to CompetitorRapporteur: Rasa JUKNEVICIENE (Lithuania/Lituanie)Year: 2017 NATO-Russia relations are currently at their lowest since the end of the Cold War. Moscow’s provocative stance and actions towards NATO, and…Committee Reports
Report Title: Advancing stability in the Black Sea Region Rapporteur: Ulla SCHMIDT (Germany)Year: 2017 Once on the periphery of European consciousness, in recent years the Black Sea region reappeared on policymakers’ radar. Regional geopolitics are…Committee Reports
Report Title: The War in Syria and Iraq: Humanitarian AspectsRapporteur: Joëlle GARRIAUD-MAYLAM (France) Year: 2017The…Committee Reports
Report Title: Burden sharing revisitedRapporteur: Ojars Eriks KALNINS (Latvia) Year: 2017 Since its founding, NATO has served as a transatlantic forum for political dialogue and consultation to define common political positions and adopt diplomatic…Committee Reports
Report Title: NATO and Security in the ArcticRapporteur: Gerald E. CONNOLLY (United States)Year: 2017 The Arctic region, or High North, ranked top of the security agenda during the Cold War due to its strategic importance. Its significance was largely…Committee Reports
During the four-day visit to London and York, NATO Parliamentarians received briefings on, inter alia, the challenge posed by Daesh, instability in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, counter-terrorism, as well as UK civil protection and emergency relief…Mission Reports